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An official account of corrupt officials – How People’s Daily reports on graft in China

A few days ago, it was announced that Liu Zhijun, former head of the Railway Ministry was stripped of his party title as a result of misconduct. In the Western press it was said that his graft involved hundreds of millions of RMB (over 800 million), and yet People’s Daily (PD) has never hinted at an amount. With this small spark, I decided to do a case study of PD’s reports on corruption in China.

The Party’s mouth piece is left in a precarious situation, a lack of reporting on corruption would give the people the impression that nothing is being done to confront the very visible problem. Reporting too much though gives the impression that every gov’t official is corrupt, and the Party is failing in their efforts to control it. This tight rope act must be carefully managed so as to maintain precisely the right balance in appearance of action and control.

In order to get a sample of the stories published by People’s Daily, I used Google Site search with the phrase “corrupt” (which also caught corruption and ant-corruption), and then limited the results to 1/1/2011-12/31/2011 (results). This returned a total of 374 results, of these roughly 60% were false positives caused by links to other articles. The remainder fell into three general categories; the largest focused on the Party’s anti-corruption efforts, the second largest focused on denouncing corruption and opinion pieces encouraging the gov’t to take action, and the smallest subset consisted of just 14 articles related to specific cases of corrupt officials being prosecuted.

These cases proved particularly interesting, since they give the clearest picture of corrupt officials and their crimes (see table at bottom). The smallest amount published was 10,000rmb, which was used for a banquet for the Luwan District Red Cross in Shanghai, while this received a great deal of attention on Weibo and was part of a very painful public image crisis for the Red Cross (which had also been hit by the Guo Meimei scandal), it was an insignificant amount compared to the other instances of corruption. The average amount accumulated by individual corrupt officials tried in 2011 was over 18,000,000RMB (based off only what has been reported in PD, which excludes the Liu Zhijun case), with the most corrupt being Xu Zhongheng, former mayor of Shenzhen, who was accused of taking over 33,000,000 RMB. The largest instance of corruption reported, was related to the trial of the managers of the Wenzhou Vegetable Basket group, which is a State Owned Enterprise; the CEO and 15 others took over 426 million RMB from the company during a restructuring process. People’s Daily though prefers to focus on individuals even when it clearly involves a group of corrupt officials.

I think for a casual reader the steady stream of information about anti-corruption efforts and limited reporting on individual trials may give the impression that corruption is being effectively controlled. Yet, when one looks at all of the reporting together, it seems woefully inadequate. For example, the paper mentions an effort to register the financial assets of 1.67 million officials, yet only 51% reported their property ownership, 36% registered their investments, and 48% reported the employment status of their relatives (who as we learned from the Bo Xilai scandal can also receive massive perks from their connections). Unsurprisingly the paper is complicit in glossing over these disparities; in the previous year roughly 146,000 corruption cases were investigated, yet only 14 were reported in the PD. These efforts seem at best to be a weak attempt at transparency.

The lowest amount reportedly taken by an individual official was 1.2 million RMB, which makes me wonder what the threshold is for punishment. Unfortunately we will never know how much the 146,000 officials were caught with, but the total must be massive considering that according to the cases reported in People’s Daily just 29 officials pilfered 647.18 million RMB.

Furthermore, the People’s Daily quickly backed away from the sensational report released last year from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences that 16-18,000 officials had fled overseas with up to 800 billion RMB over the past 20 years. This figure was later replaced with the somewhat less damning claim of 4,000 officials with 50 billion USD over 30 years (roughly 40% of the original figure). The fact that there is a phrase to describe officials getting ready to flea, naked officials, indicates the scale of the problem.

Despite being the mouth piece of the Party, People’s Daily did publish a few bold editorials related to corruption. “Tofu Projects in China,” focused on various vanity projects throughout the country that had been poorly constructed and wasted public funds, and “The Recipe of China’s Food Safety Crisis” squarely blames corrupt inspectors for the country’s failure to protect its citizens from harmful ingredients. The paper also reported that corruption was rife in the construction industry, and that bribes can make up to 5-10% of the cost of a single project (China invested over 4 trillion RMB to bolster the economy after the 2008 downturn, do the math).

Overall, it seems that the tight rope act is now in danger of taking a disastrous fall as Weibo and other platforms become the more popular sources of information, largely because of inept reporting by PD and other “official” papers. Sadly, state media fails miserably at providing the people anything more than a glimpse of the scope and scale of the corruption. There are a few bright spots though, one being that corruption efforts do seem to actually be expanding to formerly off limits levels of gov’t, and secondly, that local elections seem to be reducing corruption at the local level, which has a large impact for China’s farmers.

Heard on Weibo: 11/13 -11/19

On November 16th, in Qingyang, Gansu (甘肃庆阳), a minivan with a rated capacity of 9 people but carrying 63 daycare children collided with a truck, killing 19 children and 2 adults. We offer a group of photos culled from Weibo to illustrate the incident. We also continue to follow the two cases, Chen Guangcheng’s and Ai Weiwei’s, that lay bare China’s “rule of law”, while offer other items for your thoughts.  Click on an item for a link to the original.

  • Read about the tragic accident, and about China, in 5 pictures:

Sadness and outcries poured in on Weibo, while CCTV’s Evening News made no mention of it. The photo below on the left shows candles lit by residents in Dongfanghong Square (东方红广场) in Lanzhou (兰州), the provincial capital city, and on the right is a shot of the front pages of four papers in the same city the following day.

  • 邝飚的灰色幽默/Kuang Biao’s gray humor/(cartoonist for Nanfang Daily) : For Guangcheng’s birthday, I have been wanting to do something for him. Having racked my brain for days, I thought, well, I would draw a portrait of him. “Guangcheng’s Portrait” is completed today, a belated present for him. Brother Guangcheng, are you still alive? This cartoon is also dedicated to all the courageous men and women who have braved Dong Shi Gu. History will not forget that you are irrigating this miraculous land with your blood …

(Note: Having accidentally cut the link to this item, I went back to Weibo to look for it only to find it was no longer there.)

  • yizhuducao一株毒草 / A poisonous weed/yi zhu du cao/(netizen)/: Ai Weiwei: I am doing so [referring to his legal challege against the “taxes” and “fines” levied on him by the government] to let the entire society and the government know that no one can use law as a means of retaliation to destroy a man who thinks differently. They can’t use their dirty tricks to suppress a free-expressing artist. If a nation uses fake law to shut people up, it has no future. Both aesthetically and morally, you [referring to “they”] have already lost. You may win a battle because you have power, but you will lose the war.
  • 于建嵘/Yu Jianrong/(Professor at the Rural Development Institute, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)/I just gave a lecture [to a group of officials] in Tsinghua University. An official from Jiangsu told me that everyone understands that China’s current problems must be solved by establishing fairness and justice, democracy, and the rule of law. The problem is, leadership on all levels wouldn’t dare. When asked why, he said, “Interests. Political and economic interests. No one in power now really wants to sacrifice their own interests for the future of the country and the people, because, absent of democracy, they can enjoy a monopoly on power; absent of the rule of law, they can pillage by violence.

Nov.12 11:57 from iPhone client  Repost(12728)| Comment(4087)

  • yancaiwm三俗猫/Three-Vulgar Cat/san su mao/(netizen)/: Hu Xing Dou [胡星斗, economist]: Three numbers that shake China-60% of millionaires are either in the process of, or are preparing for, immigration abroad; 40% of billionaires want to immigrate to the US; and 90% of the descendants of the rich-and-powerful are already living in the US.

5:37AM Nov15  Favorite Retweet Reply

  • 王冉/Wang Ran/(investment banker in Beijing)/: Traffic in the intersection underneath the bridge once again turned into a pot of congee. Sometimes I find this amusing: With the intelligence and the mind of today’s Chinese, are we incapable of passing through an intersection that has definitive traffic lights in an orderly manner?

Nov 18 07:14  from texting  repost(50)| comment(70)

  • @wanghaoxuan王昊轩/Wang Haoxuan/(netizen) : The CCTV hostess Zhang Quanling made a Weibo post this morning: “We have a foreign correspondent here named Xu Shengyi. Last year, as soon as she was assigned to Pakistan, Bin Laden was killed. Recently she was sent to Libya where many of our reporters had toured before her.  The minute she got there, Gaddafi was dead. So we are all wondering now: Where is she going to be sent next? Syria or Iran?” Thousands of comments have since poured in, asking almost unanimously, “Can she be posted back in China?”

9:46AM Nov 18th Favorite Retweet Reply